Modern technologies increase productivityIntroduction of modern technologies in agriculture and food production significantly increases the yield of farmland, reduces the cost of growing fruit and vegetables, while improving its quality. The phased automation of agricultural activities will serve to further strengthening food security in Uzbekistan.
A number of projects aimed at using modern environmentally friendly fertilizers, introduction of laser field planning, zero tillage, cultivation of sideral, salt- and drought-tolerant crops have been launched in our country.
Modernization and intensive development of agriculture are one of the most important areas of implementation of the Strategy of actions on five priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021. Modern agricultural weather stations are being installed in Tashkent region within the framework of the joint project of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan and UNDP “Business Forum of Uzbekistan (Phase III)”. Such equipment has already been commissioned in Yangiyul and Urtachirchik districts. Soon it will be installed in Parkent and Tashkent districts. As a result, 800 farms will be provided with operational weather information and recommendations for conducting agrotechnical activities.
Each of the installed weather stations is equipped with sensors that record the amount of precipitation, air and soil temperature, humidity level of air, soil and leaves of plants, wind speed and direction, and a number of other important parameters. Based on the collected data, the risk of disease and pest emergence, the date of conducting preventive treatment of plants by means of protection, as well as the time and intensity of irrigation are calculated. Timely and competent implementation of agrotechnical measures will allow rational use of natural, energy and human resources.
In addition to receiving regular consulting support, representatives of farms will take part in trainings and seminars. Successful implementation of the pilot project will become the basis for its dissemination in all regions of Uzbekistan.
Roman Bondarchuk, UzA