How the country can double its power generation?
Uzbekistan’s demand for electricity is almost 69 billion kWh per year. According to experts, in 10 years this figure will increase to 117 billion kWh.
At the same time, the adoption of measures to reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere in accordance with the Paris Agreement, ratified by Uzbekistan in 2018, remains an urgent task. How can the country simultaneously cope with the fulfillment of two important tasks – to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere and to satisfy the growing needs of industry and households for electric energy?
“In 2018, Uzbekistan ratified the Paris Agreement and committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 10 percent by 2030 compared to 2010 in relation to the unit of GDP, including through further development of renewable energy sources and increasing their share in total electricity production”, says Farrukh Khasanov, Chief Specialist of the Department for Development of the Use of Renewable Energy Sources at the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Uzbekistan. – At the same time, the significant contribution of nuclear energy to the reduction of greenhouse gases and saving natural resources along with renewable energy sources should be emphasized. The world experience shows this. A striking example of this is the first steps of the country in this direction.
In Uzbekistan, it was decided to build the most modern nuclear power plant according to the Russian project of VVER-1200 reactors of the 3+ generation, consisting of two power units. This nuclear power plant will annually be able to produce 18 billion kWh of electricity, which will prevent the greenhouse gas emissions.
Thus, if the government of the country implements reforms to meet the needs of Uzbekistan in electricity, we will be able to create the most acceptable energy balance, where an area will also be allocated to thermal power plants based on modern energy-efficient technologies. Nuclear energy and renewable energy sources, without competing, will complement each other.
Nasiba Ziyodullayeva, UzA